Cybersecurity Training: what does a SOC analyst do and how to become one?

The SOC analyst is one of the primary roles in cybersecurity. Find out everything you need to know about this profession, its responsibilities, the skills required and the methods to acquire them.

In front of the increase in cyber threats, businesses must focus on protecting their IT systems and data.

Cybercriminals are becoming more inventive in an ever-expanding technological landscape. And the generalization of teleworking has only increased the dangers.

To avoid disaster, companies call on the services of a Security Operations Center (SOC).

The SOC brings together a team of cybersecurity analysts and engineers, whose role is to prevent and counter cyberattacks whose consequences can be dramatic for an organization’s finances and reputation.

With SOC, businesses benefit from constant visibility into the network and systems to monitor and moderate threats.

This security center is made up of three elements: people, processes and technologies. All together, the organization’s security infrastructure can be monitored continuously.

What is a SOC analyst?

The role of the SOC analyst is to protect the intellectual property of an organization. It plays the role of first aid in the event of a cyberattack or data leak.

There are different third parties or levels of SOC analysts. Beginners only configure and monitor cybersecurity software, but escalate more serious threats to the next level.

Senior, more experienced and qualified third-party SOC analysts analyze data and use techniques to thwart cyberattacks. They assign priority levels to suspicious activities and produce incident reports.

On a daily basis, during quiet periods, SOC analysts examine the company’s infrastructure to identify possible weaknesses. They develop the organization’s cybersecurity strategy and ensure compliance by all employees.

To stay ahead of criminals, SOC teams conduct audits and monitor technology news to stay at the forefront of cybersecurity technologies.

At the same time, the SOC also ensures that data can circulate between the company’s departments without being intercepted. Different testing methodologies and technologies are used to achieve this.

The different SOC analyst third parties

There are generally three thirds of SOC analyst. The first third party is responsible for reviewing alerts and notifications to determine their level of urgency. It also configures security tools.

In the second third, the SOC analyst analyzes and evaluates the extent of cyberattacks. It examines running processes and configurations on affected systems. Its goal is to trace the cyberattacker, identify the type of attack and the data impacted. Additionally, it creates and implements a defense and restoration strategy.

Finally, the third-party SOC analyst 3 is the most experienced. He intervenes in the most serious and dangerous incidents. The rest of the time, he searches for vulnerabilities in the system and conducts penetration tests to verify the resilience of the company and highlight weak points to be corrected.

What skills are required?

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To successfully carry out his mission, the SOC analyst must have strong technical skills and in-depth knowledge of processes, tools and technologies to identify and counter cyberattacks and ensure data security. .

First of all, mastering a programming language allows you to collaborate with cybersecurity engineers to thwart threats. Languages Python, C++ And JavaScript are the most used in this field.

Obviously, a SOC analyst must understand how network protocols, systems and IT infrastructure work. He must also know the main vectors of cyberattacks and the methods most commonly used by hackers.

Faced with the rapid evolution of cybercrime, it is important to continually learn and adapt. Critical thinking and the ability to adapt are valuable assets for this profession.

In order to collaborate effectively with the SOC team and other security professionals, the analyst must be able to share information concisely. “Soft skills” such as empathy, emotional intelligence and motivation are essential.

In addition, ethical hacking skills enable testing to identify vulnerabilities in systems, web applications or networks.

The SOC analyst is also responsible for performing data backups and maintaining recovery plans in the event of a disaster. It produces reports on incidents for company executives.

Why become a SOC analyst?

The job of SOC analyst allows you to start a career of the future in cybersecurity. This accessible role allows you to gradually climb the ladder and gain responsibility to become Director of Cybersecurity.

Companies massively employ SOC analysts capable of playing the role of first responder in the event of an attack, analyzing the security level of the infrastructure and alerting very quickly on the emergence of new threats.

According to, the average salary for a SOC analyst in the United States averages $90,000 per year. In France, according to, the average annual salary is around 50,000 euros per year.

Note that the salary can vary depending on numerous criteria such as professional experience, the level of diploma, the sector of activity of the company or its scale and geographical position.

How to become a SOC analyst?

In order to start a career or retrain, you can become a soc analyst by following remote cybersecurity training.

This is the best way to train quickly and efficiently, and to acquire all the skills required to practice this profession in a company.

This profession is learned through practice and experience, and the best training is focused on practice through carrying out projects or simulating cyberattacks.

To maximize your chances of being employed, you can also obtain a recognized industrial certification such as the FOR508 certification. Preferably choose training that includes taking the official exam.

After training, you can directly start working as a first-party SOC analyst. Over time, you will be able to gain responsibility and possibly move towards other cybersecurity professions!