technologie information

IT aka Information Technology – Complete file

IT aka Information Technology, the complete file

Information technologies flood your daily life. More than a set of inventions and professions, these are challenges to be met for providers of communications solutions. This digital industry plunges humanity into what is called the age of computing after that of stone and bronze. This article tells you everything about the world of IT.

IT was born from the natural desire of human beings to inform

In terms of technology, IT is defined as the use of systems or solutions to store, retrieve or disseminate information. Long before the first computers, cavemen sought to transmit messages to their fellow human beings and to posterity. He found a surefire way by immortalizing the way of life of the time in cave paintings. Seen from this angle, IT was born 65,000 years ago with drawings made using archaic, but effective, methods.

  • -2697 BCE: the Chinese philosopher Tien-Lcheu created black ink to keep traces of his thoughts.
  • 1945: the very first computer program was created. This was the improvement of a model imagined by Alan Mathison Turing in 1936.
  • 1946: ENIAC, the ancestor of the computer, kicks off a technological race in a Cold War atmosphere.
  • 1973: Ethernet is invented to facilitate exchanges between several workstations in a single company
  • 1975: the personal computer or PC marks the move to a higher speed in terms of computer technology.
  • 1993: CERN creates the World Wide Web. The media of the time spoke of the democratization of knowledge or information superhighways, thanks to the Internet.
  • 2019: China’s 5G network crystallizes a conflict between two major world powers.

The computer leads towards a modern definition of Information Technology

Modern IT is defined as the use of computer systems to manage large amounts of information. These are physical devices like computers, but also dematerialized storage and exchange spaces (Cloud). Everything is connected thanks to the creation of planetary networks which rely on binary codes. Communication infrastructures are based on relay antennas, satellites and intercontinental optical fiber cables. Reaching 1 GB/s, 5G will also mark a new turning point in this frantic race.

Information technology has moved from stone to ink to computer programs. After the computer, everyday objects are not spared. Fridge, television, car and watch: nothing escapes the steamroller that is IT. Capturing the WiFi signal, this equipment collects and stores information about its users. Connected to the Web, they are also able to transmit data to third parties. This information is a delight for brands who find it a way to better understand customers in order to offer them more products to consume.

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A whole set of professions within a digital industry

The dazzling evolution of information technologies has come at the cost of new professions. These skills are essential to create, manage and protect information stored in digital format. The IT world has required 1.5 million additional jobs in less than 10 years. This is the accounting for the United States. For France, professions unknown a decade ago have also appeared. Currently, this industry requires 3.5 million positions to be filled per year. There is even a real shortage for certain specialties:

  • IT Project Manager : this engineer plans, organizes and develops the digital strategy of a large company. It can operate offshore.
  • Software Architect : the mission of this highly qualified technician is above all to coordinate the work of several developers.
  • Community manager : this communications professional is in charge of the digital identity of a brand. He manages social media campaigns.
  • SEO SEO : positioning on search engines requires employing a full-time person.
  • Cybersecurity Manager : computer threats are omnipresent. A security specialist has the obligation to make existing digital structures invulnerable.
  • Network Technician : in collaboration with other managers, the Intranet and Internet specialist ensures that internal and external connectivity remains optimal
  • Big Data Analyst : information collected in every imaginable way is dissected to develop customer-oriented marketing strategies.
  • Mobile application developer : this job consists of making the world even more “glued” to the cell phone screen.
  • Online customer advisor : the teleoperator is one of the pillars of the IT industry. He is one of the first to generate turnover on a daily basis.
  • IT consultant : this expert can work on his own or operate from an agency. This strength of proposal ensures that a brand achieves specific objectives.

What is the outcome for the information industry?

The information industry is an economic lever. It creates value and offers countless jobs. This is a sector with rapid growth. Start-up leaders in the IT world become millionaires in less than 10 years. The same goes for shareholders who wish to support technological innovations. That said, many companies started down this path disappear as quickly as they appeared. Products evolve so quickly that they become obsolete after 12 months. This headlong rush weakens an entire economy and condemns millions of people to constantly adapt to the times. Finally, the biggest risk remains the intrusion into private life. IT facilitates identity theft and risks encroaching on freedom of thought and action!